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Volume 96 - Number 3 - Fall 1981

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Casual Commitment in International Relations
Inis L. Claude, Jr., discusses the tendency of American officials to undertake international obligations "casually," without calculating the possible cost of meeting those obligations and resolving to pay that cost if the occasion should arise.

pp. 367-379

"Dont't Tread on Me": Public Opinion and Foreign Policy in the Eighties
Bruce Russett and Donald R. Deluca document, from numerous public opinion surveys, the recent shift in American opinion in favor of increased military spending and greater willingness to defend allies abroad. They also begin to offer some possible explanations for that shift, giving special attention to the treatment of foreign events by the mass media.

pp. 381-399

Soviet Responses to MX
Jeffrey T. Richelson analyzes the possible responses of the Soviet Union to U.S. deployment of the MX missile system. He examines these options in light of an assumed desire by the Soviet leadership to maintain the survivability of Soviet ICBMs as well as of the capability to destroy a significant portion of the U.S. ICBM force.

pp. 401-410

Congress, Courts, and Agencies: Equal Employment and the Limits of Policy Implementation
Gary Bryner reviews the development of equal employment opportunity policy in Congress, the federal courts, and the executive branch. He finds that administrative mechanisms created to foster equal employment opportunities are seriously flawed, and he calls for more awareness of the limits of the federal government's ability to implement its policies.

pp. 411-430

Black Power and the Transformation from Protest to Policies
Robert C. Smith looks at the impact of the black power concept on American politics. He concludes that it played an important role in the development of racial solidarity, racial interest organization, and the incorporation of blacks into the political system.

pp. 431-443

Sino-Vietnamese Conflict and the Sino-American Rapproachment
John W. Garver discusses how China's support for North Vietnam's war effort from 1968 to 1973 was affected by Peking's rapprochement with the United States. He argues that in the 1973 peace negotiations China urged Hanoi to accept a compromise settlement with the United States.

pp. 445-464

Eisenhower, Dulles and the Quemoy-Matsu Crisis, 1954-1955
Bennett C. Rushkoff examines high-level decision making in the Eisenhower administration during the Quemoy-Matsu crisis of 1954-1955. He argues that Dwight D. Eisenhower's personal handling of the crisis was responsible for a relaxation in early 1955 of the American commitment to the defense of the offshore islands.

pp. 465-480


p. 536

Science at the White House: A Political Liability, Edward J. Burger
Reviewed by William T. Golden

pp. 481-482

Energy Policy in Perspectives: Today's Problems, Yesterday's Solution, Crauford D. Goodwin
Reviewed by James R. Temples

pp. 482-483

Politics and the Oval Office: Towards Presidential Governance, Arnold J. Melsner
Reviewed by Richard M. Pious

pp. 484-485

Congress and Money: Budgeting, Taxing and Spending, Allen Schick
Reviewed by Dennis S. Ippolito

pp. 485-486

Invitation to Struggle: Congress, the President and Foreign Policy, Cecil V. Crabb and Pat M. Holt
Reviewed by Bernard C. Cohen

pp. 486-487

Clean Coal, Dirty Air: Or How the Clean Air Became a Multibillion-Dollar Bail-Out for High-Sulfur Coal Producers and What Should Be Done About It, Bruce A. Ackerman and William T. Hassler
Reviewed by Guy Benveniste

pp. 487-488

Portraying the President: The White House and the New Media, Michael Baruch Grossman and Martha Joynt Kumar
Reviewed by Paul Halpern

pp. 489-490

Public Entrepreneurship: Toward a Theory of Bureaucratic Political Power, Eugene Lewis
Reviewed by Francis E. Rourke

pp. 490-491

Roll Call: One Year in the United States Senate, William S. Cohen
Reviewed by Robert L. Peabody

pp. 491-492

The American Establishment, Leonard Silk and Mark Silk
Reviewed by Christopher K. Leman

pp. 492-493

Friendly Fascism: The New Face of Power in America, Bertram Gross
Reviewed by Everett Carll Ladd

pp. 493-494

The International Economy and the National Interest, Irvin Millman Grossack
Reviewed by Benjamin M. Rowland

pp. 495-496

Doubletalk: The Story of the First Strategic Arms Limitation Talks, Gerard Smith
Reviewed by Richard K. Betts

pp. 496-497

Ike's Spies: Eisenhower and the Espionage Establishment, Stephen E. Ambrose
Reviewed by Harry Howe Ransom

pp. 497-499

First Line of Defense: The U.S. Navy Since 1945, Paul B. Ryan
Reviewed by Dov S. Zakheim

pp. 499-500

From Pearl Harbor to Vietnam: The Memoirs of Admiral Arthur W. Radford, Stephen Jurika
Reviewed by Paul Y. Hammond

pp. 500-501

The Diplomacy of Silence: The American Foreign Service, the Soviet Union, and the Cold War, 1933-1947, Hugh DeSantis
Reviewed by Robert Jervis

pp. 502-503

When Governments Collide: Coercion and Diplomacy in the Vietnam Conflict 1964-1968, Wallace J. Thies
Reviewed by Stephen Pelz

pp. 503-504

Oil, War, and American Security: The Search for a National Policy on Foreign Oil, 1941-1947, Michael B. Stoff
Reviewed by Aaron David Miller

pp. 504-505

Politics and the Constitution in the History of the United States, vol. 3, The Political Background of the Federal Convention, William Winslow Crosskey and William Jeffrey
Reviewed by Charles A. Lofgren

pp. 505-507

Party Politics in the South, Robert P. Steed, Laurence W. Moreland and Tod A. Baker
Reviewed by Clifton McCleskey

pp. 507-508

Cities by Contract: The Politics of Municipal Incorporation, Gary J. Miller
Reviewed by Joseph F. Zimmerman

pp. 508-509

Taxation of American Railroads: A Policy Analysis, Dennis L Thompson, John Barth, Raymond Garthner and Steven Sours
Reviewed by George W. Hilton

pp. 509-510

The Politics of Displacement: Racial and Ethnic Transition in Three American Cities, Peter K. Eisinger
Reviewed by Steven P. Erie

pp. 511-512

The Practice of Urban Economics, Alfred J. Watkins
Reviewed by James Heilbrun

pp. 512-513

Stalin's Successors: Leadership, Stability, and Change in the Soviet Union, Seweryn Bialer
Reviewed by Alfred G. Meyer

pp. 513-514

The Fateful Choice: Japan's Advance into Southeast Asia, 1939-1941, James William Morley
Reviewed by Waldo Heinrichs

pp. 514-516

Political Opposition and Local Politics in Japan, Kurt Steiner, Ellis S. Krauss and Scott C. Flanagan
Reviewed by Steven R. Reed

pp. 516-517

China under Threat: The Politics of Strategy and Diplomacy, Melvin Gurtov and Byong-Moo Hwang
Reviewed by Michael L. Baron

pp. 517-518

Russia and World Order: Strategic Choices and the Laws of Power in History, George Liska
Reviewed by Andrzej Korbonski

pp. 518-519

Electoral Politics in the Middle East: Issues, Voters and Elites, Jacob M. Landau, Ergun Ozbudun and Frank Tachau
Reviewed by John P. Entelis

pp. 519-520

Conflict and Violence in Lebanon: Confrontation in the Middle East, Walid Khalidi
Reviewed by Iliya Harik

pp. 520-521

The Cohesion of Saudi Arabia: Evolution of Political Identity, Christine Moss Helms
Reviewed by Lisa S. Anderson

pp. 522-523

Italian Fascism and Developmental Dictatorship, A. James Gregor
Reviewed by Robert Leonardi

pp. 523-524

The Foreign Policy of Hitler's Germany: Starting World War II, 1937-1939, Gerhard L. Weinberg
Reviewed by Christoph M. Kimmich

pp. 524-525

Rebellion and Democracy in Meiji Japan: A Study of Commoners in the Popular Rights Movement, Roger W. Bowen
Reviewed by Gail Lee Bernstein

pp. 526-527

Making the Most of the Least: Alternative Ways to Development, Leonard Berry and Robert W. Kates
Reviewed by James H. Mittelman

pp. 527-528

Ethnic Soldiers: State Security in Divided Societies, Cynthia H. Enloe
Reviewed by Claude E. Welch

pp. 528-530

Actors and Systems: The Politics of Collective Action, Michel Crozier and Erhard Friedberg
Reviewed by Jan Smith

pp. 530-531

World Inflation and the Developing Countries, William R. Cline
Reviewed by Krishan Saini

pp. 531-532

Economic Diplomacy and the Origins of the Second World War: Germany, Britain, France, and Eastern Europe, 1930-1939, David E. Kaiser
Reviewed by Michael J. Hogan

pp. 532-533

Marxist Ideology and Soviet Criminal Law, R. W. Makepeace
Reviewed by Donald D. Barry

pp. 533-534

The Origins of the Cold War in the Near East: Great Power Conflict and Diplomacy in Iran, Turkey, and Greece, Bruce R. Kuniholm
Reviewed by Sylvia Kowitt Crosbie

pp. 534-535

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