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Volume 106 - Number 2 - Summer 1991

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What Is a Nation?
Robert B. Reich reflects on the meaning and purpose of nationhood in a world in which economic borders are ceasing to have much significance. He suggests that the emerging global division of labor is driving a wedge between high-skilled professionals and low-skilled workers within the same nation --rewarding the first group with ever higher wages, while reducing the real incomes of the latter. He calls for the better-off citizens to think about what they should be doing to help the less well off.

pp. 193-209

President Carter's Advisers and the Fall of the Shah
Alexander Moens challenges the conventional argument that Jimmy Carter's decision-making process during the fall of the shah of Iran broke down because of intense conflict between Secretary of State Cyrus Vance and National Security Adviser Zbigniew Brzezinski. He argues that there was a flaw in the decision-making process that led to a lack of options, a premature consensus, and the absence of critical evaluation of the failed policy.

pp. 211-237

Intelligence to Please? The Order of Battle Controversy during the Vietnam War
James J. Wirtz demonstrates how organizational imperatives shaped the controversy within the American intelligence community over estimates of Viet Cong strength on the eve of the 1968 Tet offensive. He argues that the military had the stronger position in the bureaucratic debate, which was replayed during the Westmoreland v. CBS litigation.

pp. 239-263

The Changing Relationship between Economics and National Security
Aaron L. Friedberg looks at four aspects of the changing relationship between economics and national security: the impact of defense spending cuts, the effect of economic change on the power of individual states, the potential uses of economic statecraft, and the national pursuit of "economic security."

pp. 265-276

Congressional Caucuses and Party Leaders in the House of Representatives
Susan Webb Hammond analyses the expanding relationship between party leaders and the large number of informal caucuses in the American Congress.

pp. 277-294

Charisma: A Blighted Concept and an Alternative Formula
William Spinrad examines the attribution of "charisma" as an explanation of a political leader's popularity. Discussing specific examples that appear in the literature, he surmises that designating the nature of a political leader's personality as charismatic adds little to understanding political success.

pp. 295-311


pp. 388-389

Politics and Process: New Essays in Democratic Thought, Geoffrey Brennan and Loren E. Lomasky
Reviewed by Susan Rose-Ackerman

pp. 313-315

Abe Fortas: A Biography, Laura Kalman
Reviewed by C. Herman Pritchett

pp. 317-318

The Politics of National Security: Congress and U.S. Defense Policy, Barry M. Blechman and W. Philip Ellis
Reviewed by Harvey Zeidenstein

pp. 318-320

Pledging Allegiance: The Last Campaign of the Cold War, Sidney Blumenthal
Reviewed by Walter LaFeber

pp. 320-321

Then and Now: How the World Has Changed Since WW II, Tad Szulc
Reviewed by Robert A. Divine

pp. 321-322

Legislating Together: The White House and Capitol Hill from Eisehower to Reagan, Mark A. Peterson
Reviewed by Charles O. Jones

pp. 322-323

FDR and the News Media, Betty Houchin Winfield
Reviewed by John J. Smee

pp. 323-325

The Six O'Clock Presidency: A Theory of Presidential Press Relations in the Age of Television, Fredric T. Smoller
Reviewed by Michael X. Delli Carpin

pp. 325-326

Foreign Policy and the Press: An Analysis of The New York Times' Coverage of U.S. Foreign Policy, Nicholas O. Berry
Reviewed by Doris A. Graber

pp. 327-328

Claiming the Dream: The Victorious Campaign of Douglas Wilder of Virginia, Margaret Edds
Reviewed by Raphael J. Sonenshein

pp. 328-329

The Rich Get Richer: The Rise of Income Inequality in the United States and the World, Denny Braun
Reviewed by Kevin Phillips

pp. 329-330

The National Security Constitution: Sharing Power After the Iran-Contra Affair, Harold Hongju Koh
Reviewed by David Adler

pp. 331-332

American National Security: A Presidential Perspective, Cecil V. Crabb and Kevin V. Mulcahy
Reviewed by Richard M. Pious

pp. 332-333

The ABCs of the Soviet-American Nuclear Arms Race, Ray Perkins, Jr.
Reviewed by Raymond L. Garthoff

pp. 334-335

Divided Societies: Class Struggle in Contemporary Capitalism, Ralph Miliband
Reviewed by Ira Katznelson

pp. 335-337

The $36 Billion Bargain: Strategy and Politics in U.S. Assistance to Israel, A. F. K. Organski
Reviewed by Robert H. Trice

pp. 337-338

As Moscow Sees Us: American Politics and Society in the Soviet Mindset, Richard M. Mills
Reviewed by Jack Snyder

pp. 338-339

Soviet Disunion: A History of the Nationalities Problem in the USSR, Bohdan Nahaylo and Victor Swoboda
Reviewed by George Liber

pp. 339-340

Behind the Tiananmen Massacre: Social, Political, and Economic Ferment in China, Chu-yuan Cheng
Reviewed by David Strand

pp. 341-342

China Misperceived: American Illusions and Chinese Reality, Steven W. Mosher
Reviewed by Peggy S. Christoff

pp. 342-344

East Asian Dynamism: Growth, Order, and Security in the Pacific Region, Steve Chan
Reviewed by Joyce K. Kallgren

pp. 344-345

Iran and the World: Continuity in a Revolutionary Decade, Shireen T. Hunter
Reviewed by Mohsen M. Milani

pp. 345-347

The State and Economic Knowledge: The American and British Experiences, Barry Supple and Mary O. Furner
Reviewed by Rudolph G. Penner

pp. 347-348

Nuclear Ambitions, Leonard S. Spector and Jacqueline R. Smith
Reviewed by George Quester

pp. 348-349

The Years of Lyndon Johnson: Means of Ascent, Robert A. Caro
Reviewed by Richard Polenberg

pp. 349-350

Allies in Crisis: Meeting Global Challenges to Western Security, Elizabeth D. Sherwood
Reviewed by Hugh M. Arnold

pp. 351-352

Human Rights in Iraq, Midle East Watch
Reviewed by Laurie Mylroie

pp. 352-353

In the Time of the Tyrants: Panama 1968-1990, R. M. Koster and Guillermo Sanchez
Reviewed by Rhoda Rabkin

pp. 353-355

Beyond Nuclear Thinking, Robert W. Malcolmson
Reviewed by James H. Lebovic

pp. 355-356

Congress Oversees the United States Intelligence Community, 1947-1989, Frank J. Smist, Jr.
Reviewed by Ray S. Cline

pp. 356-357

The CIA and American Democracy, Rhodri Jeffreys-Jones
Reviewed by Dalton A. West

pp. 358-359

The Nixon Presidency: Power and Politics in Turbulent Times, Michael A. Genovese
Reviewed by A. James Reichley

pp. 359-360

Administrative Law: Rethinking Judicial Control of Bureaucracy, Christopher F. Edley, Jr.
Reviewed by Francis E. Rourke

pp. 360-361

The Electoral Origins of Divided Government: Competition in U.S. House Elections, 1946-1988, Gary C. Jacobson
Reviewed by Thomas E. Mann

pp. 361-362

Urban Politics, New York Style, Dick Netzer and Jewel Bellush
Reviewed by Paul Kantor

pp. 362-364

Administering the Taylor Law: Public Employee Relations in New York, Ronald Donovan
Reviewed by Theodore W. Kheel

pp. 364-365

Under God: Religion and American Politics, Garry Wills
Reviewed by Andrew Greeley

p. 366

The American Presidency: Origins and Development, 1776-1990, Sidney M. Milkis and Michael Nelson
Reviewed by Alonzo L. Hamby

pp. 367-368

Inquiry and Change: The Troubled Attempt to Understand and Shape Society, Charles E. Lindblom
Reviewed by Charles L. Schultze

pp. 368-369

To the Right: The Transformation of American Conservatism, Jerome L. Himmelstein
Reviewed by Thomas Fleming

pp. 370-371

After the Rights Revolution: Reconceiving the Regulatory State, Cass R. Sunstein
Reviewed by R. Shep Melnick

pp. 371-372

The Changing Architecture of Politics: Structure, Agency, and the Future of the State, Philip G. Cerny
Reviewed by Philippe C. Schmitter

pp. 373-374

Beyond the Constitution, Hadley Arkes
Reviewed by James Magee

pp. 374-376

Interpreting the Constitution: The Supreme Court and the Process of Adjudication, Harry H. Wellington
Reviewed by Tinsley E. Yarbrough

pp. 376-378

A Fragile Power: Scientists and the State, Chandra Mukerji
Reviewed by Sanford Lakoff

pp. 378-379

The New Europe Asserts Itself: A Changing Role in International Relations, Beverly Crawford and Peter W. Schulze
Reviewed by Jorg Boche

pp. 379-380

Parties and Democracy: Coalition Formation and Government Functioning in Twenty States, Ian Budge and Hans Keman
Reviewed by Reuven Y. Hazan

pp. 381-382

The Politics of International Law: U.S. Foreign Policy Reconsidered, David P. Forsythe
Reviewed by Christopher C. Joyner

pp. 382-383

Nuclear Politics: Energy and the State in the United States, Sweden, and France, James M. Jasper
Reviewed by John E. Chubb

pp. 384-385

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