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Volume 117 - Number 1 - Spring 2002

 

The Post September 11 Debate Over Empire, Globalization, and Fragmentation
Walter LaFeber proposes that the September 11 attacks resulted from processes of globalization that had begun a generation earlier. He explains that those processes triggered an uneven distribution of wealth and, especially, a decentralization of power that led to an attack on the United States by an individual, nonstate, terrorist group that utilized some of the most advanced methods provided by globalization technologies. The article uses these contexts to explore the Clinton and Bush administrations’ responses to the globalization/decentralization phenomena that climaxed in the September 11 tragedies.

pp. 1-17

The Soft Underbelly of American Primacy: Tactical Advantages of Terror
RICHARD BETTS argues that the September 11 attacks were a response to American primacy and then applies offense-defense theory to explain the intense advantages that terrorist groups have in launching offensive strikes and in exploiting the defenses that a nation can put up in this era of globalization and asymmetric warfare.

pp. 19-36

An Interim Assessment of September 11: What Has Changed and What Has Not?
Robert Jervis argues that contrary to much conventional wisdom, terrorism has not weakened most states, understanding the “root causes” of terrorism is not a firm foundation for policy, the concept of a war on terrorism is flawed, and American policy is likely to be more unilateral than multilateral.

pp. 37-54
 

Managing the Racial Breach: Clinton, Black-White Polarization, and the Race Initiative
Claire Jean Kim explores why President Clinton launched the Presidential Initiative on Race in 1997 despite the apparent political risks associated with confronting the black-white breach on racial issues. She argues that Clinton launched the race initiative precisely because he calculated that he could please blacks and whites alike, thus conquering the racial breach in public opinion and boosting his overall popularity. The race initiative was an extension of breach management strategies that Clinton had developed and pursued for years.

pp. 55-79
 

United States Senators as Presidential Candidates
Barry C. Burden uses data to show that governors have done far better as presidential candidates than senators, though they are less likely to run. Four explanations connected to the notion of campaign investment are offered to account for the fates of 139 presidential contenders who ran between 1960 to 1996.

pp. 81-102
 

The Nation-State and Its Exclusions
Anthony W. Marx argues that nation-building has been miscast. He explicates a political process of binding a core national solidarity via purposeful exclusions.

pp. 103-126

America's Choice 2000: Entering a New Millenium, William Crotty, ed. ; The Perfect Tie: The True Story of the 2000 Presidential Election, James W. Ceaser and Andrew E. Busch
Reviewed by Dennis Hale

pp. 127-129
 

Presidential Mandates: How Elections Shape the National Agenda, Patricia Heidotting Conley
Reviewed by Kay Lehman Schlozman

pp. 129-130

John Adams, David McCullough
Reviewed by Jean Edward Smith

pp. 130-132
 

Tip O'Neill and the Democratic Century, John A. Farrell
Reviewed by L. Sandy Maisel

pp. 132-133
 

War in a Time of Peace: Bush, Clinton, and the Generals, David Halberstam
Reviewed by Walter LaFeber

pp. 133-135

The United States and Pakistan, 1947-2000: Disenchanted Allies, Dennis Kux
Reviewed by Sunil Dasgupta

pp. 135-136
 

The Security Dilemmas of Southeast Asia, Alan Collins
Reviewed by Shaun Narine

pp. 136-137
 

Virtuous War: Mapping the Military-Industrial-Media-Entertainment Network, James Der Derian
Reviewed by John Garofano

pp. 138-139
 

Tabloid Justice: Criminal Justice in an Age of Media Frenzy, Richard L. Fox and Robert W. Van Sickel
Reviewed by Diana Owen

pp. 139-140
 

Presidents and Prime Ministers: Conviction Politics in the Anglo-American Tradition, Patricia Lee Sykes
Reviewed by George Breckenridge

pp. 140-141
 

Shades of Citizenship: Race and the Census in Modern Politics, Melissa Nobles ; Bushmanders and Bullwinkles: How Politicians Manipulate Electronic Maps and Census Data to Win Elections, Mark Monmonier
Reviewed by Charles S. Bullock III

pp. 142-143
 

Color Lines: Affirmative Action, Immigration, and Civil Rights Options for America, John David Skrentny, ed.
Reviewed by Richard D. Kahlenberg

pp. 144-145
 

Ending Welfare as We Knot It, R. Kent Weaver
Reviewed by Sanford F. Schram

pp. 145-146
 

Regulating from the Inside: Can Environmental Management Systems Achieve Policy Goals?, Cary Coglianese and Jennifer Nash, eds.
Reviewed by Christopher J. Bosso

pp. 146-148
 

Big Government and Affirmative Action: The Scandalous History of the Small Business Administration, Jonathan J. Bean
Reviewed by J. Kevin Corder

pp. 148-149
 

The Politics of Breast Cancer, Maureen Hogan Casamayou
Reviewed by Richard Himelfarb

pp. 149-151
 

Made by the U. S. A.: The International System, Alex Roberto Hybel
Reviewed by Timothy J. McKeown

pp. 151-152
 

Understanding European Foreign Policy, Brian White
Reviewed by Jan Zielonka

pp. 152-153
 

European Foreign Policy, Simon Nuttall
Reviewed by Geoffrey Edwards

pp. 153-155
 

The Politics of the Euro-Zone: Stability or Breakdown?, Kenneth Dyson
Reviewed by Jeffrey J. Anderson

pp. 155-156
 

France and European Integration: Toward a Transnational Polity?, Michel R. Gueldry
Reviewed by Sophie Meunier-Aitsahalia

pp. 156-157
 

A Farewell to Arms? From "Long War" to Long Peace in Northern Ireland, Michael Cox, Adrian Guelke and Fiona Stephen, eds.
Reviewed by Kathleen Knight

pp. 158-159
 

The Northern Ireland Peace Process: Ending the Troubles?, Thomas Hennessey
Reviewed by Jeffrey M. Togman

pp. 159-160
 

Fires of Hatred: Ethnic Cleansing in Twentieth-Century Europe, Norman M. Naimark ; Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War, Stuart J. Kaufman
Reviewed by Dipak K. Gupta

pp. 160-162
 

Peace Enforcement: The United Nations Experience in Congo, Somalia, and Bosnia, Jane Boulden
Reviewed by Page Fortna

pp. 163-164
 

Agency and Ethics: The Politics of Military Intervention, Anthony F. Lang, Jr.
Reviewed by Mia Bloom

pp. 164-165
 

Courts and Transition in Russia: The Challenge of Judicial Reform, Peter H. Solomon, Jr. and Todd S. Fogelsong
Reviewed by Paul B. Stephan

pp. 165-167
 

Mexico: The Struggle for Democratic Development, Kathleen Bruhn, Daniel C. Levy and Emilio Zebadúa
Reviewed by Lisa Baldez

pp. 167-168
 

Transcending Neoliberalism: Community-Based Development in Latin America, Henry Veltmeyer and Anthony O'Malley, eds.
Reviewed by Glen Biglaiser

pp. 169-170
 

The State and Identity Construction in International Relations, Sarah Owen Vandersluis, ed.
Reviewed by Jutta Weldes

pp. 170-171
 

Commonsense Constructivism, or the Making of World Affairs, Ralph Pettman
Reviewed by Audie Klotz

p. 172
 

Collective Action under the Articles of Confederation, Keith L. Dougherty
Reviewed by Nolan McCarty

pp. 173-174
 

Under Army Orders: The Army National Guard during the Korean War, William M. Donnelly
Reviewed by G. Kurt Piehler

pp. 174-175
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Tactical Advantages of Terror

RICHARD BETTS applies offense-defense theory to explain the intense advantages that terrorist groups have in launching offensive strikes and in exploiting the defenses that a nation can put up in this era of globalization and asymmetric warfare.

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